Nicholas ii- The last tsar of the Romanovs (1894-1917)
Nicholas ll was the eldest son of Alexander lll, and the last tsar of the Romanov line. Nicholas was a very educated and intelligent man, and he could speak multiple languages. He also monitored the building of the Great Siberian Railway, which connected Russia with the Far East region for trade. The railway cost Russia many laborers, lives, and time, which caused many strikes and rebellions. An event called Bloody Sunday took place in 1905, when a group of unarmed rebels protested outside Nicholas's building and were shot down by guards. This event upset many, and sparked many more rebellions. Nicholas was also known as Nicholas the Bloody for his strong anti-Semitic views and advance in World War l. Russia entered the war against Japan in 1904, and lost. While trying to protect Europe from a German invasion in 1917, Russia was dragged into war. Nicholas's German wife, Alexandra, stayed behind and ruled while Nicholas stationed at the front. The Russians lost badly, and sent Russia into an economical crisis. A group called the State Duma was founded and started to make many decisions about laws and rules. Nicholas was eventually on bad terms with this group, and was forced to abdicate his position in 1917.